Understand Anxiety
August 27, 2023

Anxiety is a condition, “an emotion characterized by feelings of tension, worried thought and physical changes like increased blood pressure.”

APA(American psychological association).


  • Restlessness
  • Uncontrollable feeling of worry
  • Difficulty in concentrating
  • Difficulty in sleep

The cycle of Anxiety:

  1. Anxiety
  2. Avoidance
  3. Brief Relief
  4. Anxiety Intensifies

Types of anxiety:

1) General anxiety disorder:

A person with GAD keeps worrying about something,

for example: in the morning they worry about making tiffin of children then they worry about sending school to children after sending them to school they worry about cleaning the house and this worry goes on and on.

2)Panic disorder:

Panic disorder is a sudden panic attack because of any intense event or sometimes without any reason, which includes shaking, breathing issues, and nausea it can happen rapidly.

3)Separation anxiety disorder:

High anxiety levels after separation from a person or place that provides feelings of security or safety characterize separation anxiety disorder.


  • Treatment of anxiety is taking psychotherapy where therapists try to teach you how to manage your anxiety with different activities and exercises. CBT (cognitive behavioural therapy) helps a lot with anxiety.
  • meditation can help to reduce anxiety.
  • In severe cases, medication can help too.


Case study:

Ms. P is 26 years old and recently she got divorced. After her divorce, she moved to a new place. After a few days, she started having body aches in different parts of her body. Later on, she faced sleep issues like lack of sleep and restlessness also started affecting her new work life. She could not focus on her work. She often got panic attacks where she felt breathing issues. After consulting a physician, her physician suggested she consult a psychologist and then she started having psychotherapy. The therapist helped her to accept her current situation (divorce and moving to a new place) and sow a seed of new thoughts in her mind. Now she is balancing her personal and professional life and her restlessness and sleep disturbances have improved so far.


Ms. Manushi Upadhyay